February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone

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USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map
USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map

 

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map

For more in depth information about your local conditions, visit Plant Maps and enter your zip code.

February Homesteading Chores

These chores are intended as a general guideline. Most homesteaders will need to adjust their activities according to their local climate and conditions. For information tailored to your area, consult your local  extension office.

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 1

Average low temperatures:
  • -60 to -55F in zone 1a
  • -55 to -50F in zone 1b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – June 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – July 15th

Barn Chores

  • Keep livestock well fed and protected from wind and cold
  • Check for signs of hypothermia and frostbite on livestock
  • Water should be kept ice free with proper heaters
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed for extra calories
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often to prevent freezing
  • Keep bedding clean and dry

Garden Chores

  • Order gardening catalogs and list seeds needed
  • Plan garden beds (be sure to rotate crops)
  • Clean and oil tools if you didn’t do so in autumn
  • Grow herbs and houseplants under lights indoors
  • Check houseplants for scale and mites, treat if necessary
  • Houseplants do not need fertilizer until daylight hours increase

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 2

Average Low Temperatures:
  • -50 to -45F in zone 2a
  • -45 to -30F in zone 2b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – May 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – August 15th

Barn Chores

  • Keep livestock well fed and protected from wind and cold
  • Check for signs of hypothermia and frostbite on livestock
  • Water should be kept ice free with proper heaters
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed for extra calories
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often to prevent freezing
  • Keep bedding clean and dry

Garden Chores

  • Order gardening catalogs
  • Plan garden beds (be sure to rotate crops)
  • List seed varieties to order
  • Check fruit bearing trees and shrubs for damage from wildlife
  • Clean and oil tools if you didn’t do so in autumn
  • Grow herbs and houseplants under lights indoors
  • Check houseplants for scale and mites, treat if necessary
  • Houseplants do not need fertilizer until daylight hours increase

 

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 3

Average Low Temperatures:
  • -40 to -35F in zone 3a
  • -35 to -30F in zone 3b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – May 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – September 15th

Barn Chores

  • Keep livestock well fed and protected from wind and cold
  • Check for signs of hypothermia and frostbite on livestock
  • Water should be kept ice free with proper heaters
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed in evening to keep them warm
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often to prevent freezing
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Check fence lines for needed repairs and signs of predators

Garden Chores

  • Order vegetable, fruit, and flower seeds
  • Plan garden beds (be sure to rotate crops)
  • Clean up seed starting area and list supplies needed
  • Check fruit bearing trees and shrubs for damage from wildlife
  • Clean and oil tools if you didn’t do so in autumn
  • Grow herbs and houseplants under lights indoors
  • Check houseplants for scale and mites, treat if necessary
  • Houseplants may need a little fertilizer

 

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 4

Average Low Temperatures:
  • -30 to -25F in zone 4a
  • -25 to -20F in zone 4b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – May 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – September 15th

Barn Chores

  • Keep livestock well fed and protected from wind and cold
  • Check for signs of hypothermia and frostbite on livestock
  • Water should be kept ice free with proper heaters
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed in evening to keep them warm
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often to prevent freezing
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Check fence lines for needed repairs and signs of predators
  • Check sugaring equipment for needed repairs, stock up on firewood for boiling sap

Garden Chores

  • Order gardening seeds and supplies
  • Clean seed starting area
  • Plan garden beds (be sure to rotate crops)
  • Order fruit trees, shrubs, perennials, and annual plants
  • Check fruit bearing trees and shrubs for damage from wildlife
  • Clean and sharpen pruning tools
  • Clean and oil tools if you didn’t do so in autumn
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows or under lights
  • Check houseplants for scale and mites, treat if necessary

 

 

 

 February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 5

Average Low Temperatures:
  • -20 to -15F in zone 5a
  • -15 to -10F in zone 5b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – April 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – October 15th

Barn Chores

  • Keep livestock well fed and protected from wind and cold
  • Check for signs of frostbite on chicken combs, wattles, and feet
  • Water should be kept ice free with proper heaters
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed in evening to keep them warm
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often to prevent freezing
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Order hatchery catalogs for spring poultry purchases
  • Check hatching and brooding supplies and order necessary equipment
  • Check fence lines for needed repairs and signs of predators
  • Check sugaring equipment for needed repairs, stock up on firewood for boiling sap

Garden Chores

  • Set up seed starting area
  • Plant seeds of cool season crops indoors
  • Plant perennial seeds indoors
  • Plan garden beds (be sure to rotate crops)
  • Order dormant fruit trees, shrubs, perennials, and annual plants to order
  • Check fruit bearing trees and shrubs for damage from wildlife
  • Clean and sharpen pruning tools
  • Prune fruit trees
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows or under lights
  • Check houseplants for scale and mites, treat if necessary

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 6

Average Low Temperatures:
  • -10 to -5F in zone 6a
  • -55 to 0F in zone 6b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – April 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – October 15th

Barn Chores

  • Protect livestock from wind and cold
  • Check for signs of frostbite on chicken combs, wattles, and feet
  • Water should be kept ice free with proper heaters
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed in evening to keep them warm
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often to prevent freezing
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Place orders for day old poultry in advance for best selection
  • Clean and organize hatching supplies and brooders
  • Prepare for livestock birthing, clean and check bottles and first aid kit
  • Check fence lines for needed repairs and signs of predators
  • Clean sugaring equipment, stock up on firewood for boiling sap
  • Collect and boil sap on warm days

Garden Chores

  • Order gardening seeds and supplies from seed catalogs
  • Set up seed starting area and purchase potting mix & materials
  • Plant seeds of cool season, spring flowering annuals indoors
  • Plant perennial seeds indoors
  • Direct seed cool season vegetables in cold frames
  • Plant seeds of slow growing, warm season vegetables indoors
  • Plan garden beds (be sure to rotate crops)
  • Order fruit trees, shrubs, perennials, and annual plants for spring
  • Prune fruit trees and shrubs
  • Clean and sharpen gardening tools
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows
  • Increase fertilizer for houseplants slightly

 

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 7

Average Low Temperatures:
  • 0 to 5F in zone 7a
  • 5 to 10F in zone 7b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – April 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – October 15th

Barn Chores

  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed in evening to keep them warm
  • Poultry may lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often in freezing temperatures
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Place orders for day old poultry
  • Clean and organize hatching supplies and brooders
  • Prepare for livestock birthing, clean and check bottles and first aid kit
  • Check fencing for needed repairs and signs of predators
  • Prepare equipment for planting spring crops

Garden Chores

  • Finish ordering gardening seeds and supplies
  • Finish setting up seed starting area
  • Plant seeds of warm season annual flowers and vegetables under lights indoors
  • Direct seed cool season crops in cold frames or low tunnels
  • Prepare garden beds
  • Plant dormant fruit trees, shrubs, and perennials
  • Apply dormant oil spray to fruit trees
  • Clean and sharpen gardening tools
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows
  • Increase fertilizer for houseplants slightly

 

 

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 8

Average Low Temperatures:
  • 10 to 15F in zone 8a
  • 15 to 20F in zone 8b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – March 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – November 15th

Barn Chores

  • Pasture livestock in good weather
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed if weather is cold
  • Poultry should lay eggs with 14 hours of artificial light a day in their coop
  • Gather eggs often during freezing temperatures
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Place orders for day old poultry
  • Clean and organize hatching supplies and brooders
  • Hatch fertile poultry eggs in incubator
  • Prepare for, and assist in, livestock birthing, clean and check bottles and first aid kit
  • Repair fencing and check for signs of predators
  • Prepare equipment for planting spring crops

Garden Chores

  • Prepare garden beds
  • Harvest cool season greens, such as spinach and kale, from cold frames
  • Direct seed cool season vegetables in cold frames
  • Plant seeds of warm season flowers and vegetables indoors under lights
  • Plant dormant fruit trees, shrubs, hardy perennials, and bare root roses
  • Plant evergreens
  • Prune winter blooming trees and shrubs after flowering
  • Spray dormant oil on fruit trees before buds swell
  • Clean and sharpen gardening tools
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows
  • Increase fertilizer for houseplants
  • Protect tender plants from frost

 

 

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 9

Average Low Temperatures:
  • 20 to 25F in zone 9a
  • 25 to 30F in zone 9b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – February 15th
  • Average first frost in fall – December 15th

Barn Chores

  • Pasture livestock, protect from inclement weather
  • Make sure barn is ventilated to prevent disease
  • Give poultry corn or sunflower seed in evening only if weather is cold
  • Poultry should lay eggs with 14 hours of light a day
  • Gather eggs often if temperatures drop
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Place orders for day old poultry
  • Clean and prepare brooders for day old poultry, order supplies
  • Hatch fertile poultry eggs in incubator
  • Prepare for, and assist in, livestock birthing, clean and check bottles and first aid kit
  • Repair fencing and check for signs of predators

Garden Chores

  • Harvest cool season crops
  • Direct seed next crop of cool season vegetables
  • Plant heat loving plants under lights indoors
  • Plant dormant fruit trees, shrubs and hardy perennials, and frost tolerant annuals
  • Plant citrus trees for your area
  • Clean and sharpen gardening tools
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows, move outdoors in nice weather
  • Increase fertilizer for houseplants
  • Protect tender plants if frost threatens

 

 

February Homesteading Chores by USDA Zone - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 10

Average Low Temperatures:
  • 30 to 35F in zone 10a
  • 35 to 40F in zone 10b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • Average last frost in spring – January 31st
  • Average first frost in fall – December 15th

Barn Chores

  • Pasture livestock
  • Make sure barn is ventilated (but draft free) to prevent disease
  • Poultry should lay eggs with 14 hours of light a day
  • Keep bedding clean and dry
  • Order day old poultry
  • Prepare brooders for day old poultry orders
  • Hatch fertile poultry eggs in incubators
  • Prepare for, and assist in, livestock birthing, clean and check bottles and first aid kit
  • Repair fencing and check for signs of predators

Garden Chores

  • Harvest cool season crops grown in cold frames
  • Direct seed next crop of cool season vegetables in garden beds
  • Harden off cool season flower and vegetable seedlings and plant in garden beds
  • Plant heat loving plants under lights indoors
  • Protect citrus trees from frost
  • Plant citrus trees, fruit trees, shrubs, hardy perennials, and frost tolerant annuals
  • Clean and sharpen gardening tools
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows
  • Increase fertilizer for houseplants

 

Top 30 Tips for Growing & Using Citrus Fruits - The New Homesteader's Almanac

USDA Zone 11

Average Low Temperatures:
  • 40 to 45F for zone 11a
  • 45 to 50F for zone 11b
Average Frost Free Dates:
  • No frost

Barn Chores

  • Pasture livestock
  • Poultry should lay eggs with 14 hours of light a day
  • Keep bedding clean and dry to prevent disease
  • Place orders for day old poultry
  • Prepare brooders for day old poultry orders
  • Hatch fertile poultry eggs in incubators
  • Prepare for, and assist in, livestock birthing, clean and check bottles and first aid kit
  • Repair fencing and check for signs of predators

Garden Chores

  • Harvest cool season crops
  • Transplant last crop of cool season vegetables outdoors in cool, shady areas
  • Plant the rest of the heat loving plants under lights indoors
  • Plant citrus, fruit trees, shrubs, and hardy perennials
  • Weed beds
  • Grow herbs and houseplants in sunny windows or on patios
  • Fertilize houseplants
  • Harvest citrus fruits and preserve for off season

Notes: Within each USDA Zone, there are many different micro-climates and variations in frost free dates, average low temperatures, and average high temperatures. Visit the Interactive USDA Zone Map for the most accurate information about your local conditions.
The information listed here is intended to give a general guideline to appropriate homesteading activities for your area. Each individual using these guidelines must determine if the information is accurate for their conditions.
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